Syllogism

Hello students!


Concept name:– Syllogism


Concept explanation: Here two or more statements are given and one needs to verify the conclusions given from the statements. Generally Venn Diagrams help in solving this question.


Sample set: Read the information given below and answer the questions that follows:

Example : Which of the two conclusions can be concluded on the basis of given statements?

Statements:

  1. All pens are candles

  2. All lantern are candles

Conclusions:

  1. Some pens are lanterns

  2. Some candles are lanterns

Solution-:

Three possible diagrams are shown above for the given statements




Conclusion I follow from the last two possible solutions, but does not follow from the first possible solution. Therefore, this conclusion is false


Conclusion II follows from all the three possible solutions.

Therefore, conclusion II is true


Level of difficulty: Easy


Hope you understood solving questions on Syllogism


Happy learning!

Nazish Sir, Trainer, eXtraSem